Organizations are migrating to the cloud to combat inefficiencies, improve customer experiences, and remain agile. Using a cloud migration checklist can simplify complex cloud migrations (and save you from taking over a year to complete the migration – like 73% of businesses do).
Understanding your cloud migration needs can help you roadmap an end-to-end strategy. This migration checklist aims to provide an all-in-one to cloud migrations.
Application Migration to Cloud Checklist
Cloud migration, or the process of moving data, workflows, applications, and IT tools from digital assets to cloud infrastructure, is complex. Composed of multiple moving components, it’s easiest to understand the process of cloud migration by understanding the following:
- There are four types of cloud migration:
- Replatforming is the process of renovating and migrating a legacy application from older technology to a modern, technological atmosphere.
- Lift-and-Shift is known as the process of migrating an identical copy of an application (or workload) along with its stored data and operating system from one IT ecosystem to another. Generally, this occurs in public to private cloud migrations.
- Application Refactoring involves the rewriting of one or more application components. Often, it’s performed to leverage public cloud services.
- Shifting to SaaS (Software-as-a-Service) empowers organizations by allowing specific tasks and processes to be automated and migrated.
- Top-rated cloud vendors today include:
- Amazon Web Services (AWS)
- Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
- Microsoft Azure
5 step cloud migration checklist
Now let’s move on to our five step cloud migration checklist.
#1: Discover Data Migration Requirements
To find your data migration requirements, start mapping workloads within your applications to gather baseline metrics to craft a custom infrastructure. These include key performance indicators (KPIs) like:
- Page load times
- Response times
- CPU usages
- Memory usage
- Conversion rates
From there, analyze your business processes and their requirements. If there’s room for improving efficiency, seek to optimize your processes before migrating.
#2: Decide Between Internal Migration or A Partner
To help you determine whether you can manage to migrate data to the cloud internally, ask yourself:
- Do I know how to plan a migration process?
- Do I have the resources to migrate?
- Do I know how to test cloud migration effectively?
- Do I have the finances to support shifting to the cloud?
Additionally, not all applications are cloud-compatible – meaning that those applications may not work entirely or have a performance hindrance.
For instance, some apps may perform better on private or hybrid clouds rather than public clouds. Some apps may require only minor alterations to resolve these issues, while others may need extensive coding.
#3: Determining Cloud Costs
Businesses need to determine early on whether a complete migration of their data and applications to a cloud service suits their business and delivers the value they expect.
A lift-and-shift (all at once) migration is excellent for mitigating overall cloud migration costs.
However, some businesses forget to estimate the ongoing bandwidth and network costs in their cloud migration checklist. That’s why some companies choose to migrate small clusters of applications or functions.
To simplify this approach, roadmap which applications are easiest to move and work from there.
#4: Identify Public Cloud, Private Cloud, and Hybrid Cloud Solutions
Make sure to use an end-to-end approach with your migration process.
Use an SLA with fixed milestones to better manage the migration process. When deciding between multi-cloud migration, remember:
- Public cloud migration is ideal for smaller companies with a limited IT team. Primarily, it involves buying space on a cloud provider’s existing infrastructure.
- Private cloud migration includes building your data center and your cloud structure.
- Hybrid involves both public cloud, private cloud services, and on-premises infrastructure.
If you don’t want to worry about building a data center or maintaining your entire infrastructure, public cloud migration is optimal. If you want complete control over the whole process, private cloud migration is the best option for an end-to-end approach.
Choose the right IT partner for expert advice on which option is right for your operational needs, and to prepare an effective application migration to cloud checklist.
#5: Execute Migration Plan & Create a Cloud Roadmap
Cloud migration strategies can be step-by-step or all at once. Depending on your organization’s complexity and application structure, a cloud roadmap may pave the wave for a seamless transition to a cloud environment in various stages.
When creating your cloud roadmap, consider the following:
- Detailed responsibilities of members and risks to avoid
- Analysis of cloud structure and workflow processes
- Data migration and testing for inefficiencies
- Crafting new documentation to support new processes
- Creating a change management plan for better onboarding
After completing the migration process, your change management plan can help highlight areas lacking experience, resources, and recurring issues.
How to Manage Cloud Migrations Successfully
Migrating to the cloud can be challenging, but the added scalability, overall cost-effectiveness, and enhanced agileness are well worth the hassles. With 81% of businesses having at least one application running on the cloud, it’s clear that the cloud is here to stay.
If you’re not sure how your organization can migrate to the cloud, Accudata Systems, a Converge Company, can help. With 38 years of experience and over 2,000 customers, we’re your one-stop-shop for successful cloud migration and proven migration checklists.
Speak with one of our specialists today to start your cloud migration.